Volume 1, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 63-73
Implementation of Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wi-Fi Applications
Swe Zin Nyunt, Department of Electronic Engineering, Yangon Technological University, Yangon, Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Received: Nov. 3, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 16, 2018;       Published: Dec. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcst.20180103.12      View  207      Downloads  63
Abstract
In recent years, the inventions in communication systems require the design of low cost, minimal weight, compact and low profile antennas which are capable of main-taining high performance. This research covers the study of basics and fundamentals of the microstrip patch antenna. The aim of this work is to design the microstrip patch antenna for Wi-Fi applications which operates at 2.4 GHz. The simulation of the proposed antenna was done with the aid of the computer simulation technology (CST) microwave studio student version 2017. The substrate used for the proposed antenna is the flame resistant four (FR-4) with a dielectric constant of 4.4 and a loss tangent of 0.025. The proposed MSA is fed by the coaxial probe. The proposed antenna may find applications in wireless local area network (Wi-Fi) and Bluetooth technology. And the work is the design of a Hexagonal shaped microstrip patch antenna which is presented for the wireless communication applications such as Wi-Fi in S-band. The designed microstrip patch antenna consists of a hexagonal patch which is found to be resonant at the frequency of 2.397 GHz with the return loss of -31.2118 dB having satisfactory radiation properties. The proposed antenna is the compact design of 28.2842mm 48.2842mm area on the FR4-epoxy substrate with dielectric constant of 4.4 and thickness of 1.6. The designed antenna has the realized gain of 3.42 dB at the resonant frequency of 2.397 GHz. After simulating with the CST software, the patch antenna was fabricated using the MITS milling machine on the FR-4 substrate in the YTU’s communication lab. The fabricated antenna was measured by the Vector Network Analyzer. Then, the simulation and measurement results were compared. The designed antenna structure is planar, simple and compact since it can be easily embedded for Wi-Fi applications, cellular phones and wireless communications for low manufacturing cost.
Keywords
Microstrip Patch Antenna, Wifi Application, Electromagnetcis, Fabrication, Computer Technology
To cite this article
Swe Zin Nyunt, Implementation of Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wi-Fi Applications, American Journal of Computer Science and Technology. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2018, pp. 63-73. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcst.20180103.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Annonymous (2018). Microstrip patch Antenna.
[2]
AntennaTheory.com (2018). Microstrip antenna. Page Version ID: 855888718.
[3]
Balanis, C. A. (2005). Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd Edition. Wiley-Interscience, Hoboken, NJ, 3 edition edition.
[4]
Bhunia, S. (2014). Microstrip Patch Antenna Design: A Novel Approach. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, S. l.
[5]
CST (2017). CST STUDIO SUITE Student Edition.
[6]
em: talk (2018). Geometry of rectangular microstrip antenna.
[7]
Hemant Kumar Varshney, Mukesh Kumar (2014). Design Characterization of Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antenna for Wi-Fi Application - Inpressco.
[8]
K. Dinakaran, M. Vajikabanu, M. Piriyadharsini, D. Rajeshwari (2016). Design of Microstrip Patch Antenna For Wi-Fi Applications.
[9]
Narayana, M. V., Immadi, G., Rajkamal, K., Tejaswi, M. S. R. S., Raviteja, V., Chaitanya, A. K., and Rao, B. B. (2012). Microstrip Patch Antenna for C-band RADAR applications with Coaxial fed.
[10]
Patchantennablogspot.com (2018). Voltage, Cur-rent and Impedance along the patch’s resonant length.
[11]
Petros, A., Zafar, I., and Licul, S. (2003). Reviewing SDARS antenna requirements. icrowaves and Rf, 42: 51–62.
[12]
Ramesh Garg, Prakash Bhartia (2001). Microstrip antenna design handbook /.
[13]
Research Gate (2018a). Aperture Coupled Feeding.
[14]
Research Gate (2018b). Effective length of microstrip patch antenna.
[15]
Research Gate (2018c). Microstrip Line and Electric Field lines.
[16]
Research Gate (2018d). Proximity Coupled Feeding.
[17]
S. ANUSHA, Y. (2017). Hexagonal Shaped Micro-strip Patch Antenna for Wi-Fi Application, volume Vol. 5, Issue 3. Y. Balaraju.
[18]
Shodhganga Inflibnet.ac (2009). Substrate Material Selection and its importance.
[19]
Shumba, P. (2017). Design and characterization of a microstrip patch antenna for Wi-Fi. Koteswa, Anusha.
[20]
Slideshare.net (2018). Basic microstrip patch antenna shapes.
[21]
Springer Link (2018). Microstrip Line Feeding.
[22]
Stutzman, W. L. and Thiele, G. A. (2013). Antenna Theory and Design. John Wiley & Sons. Google-Books-ID: xhZRA1K57wIC.
[23]
Tutorials Point (2018). Antenna pattern with main, back, and side lobes.
[24]
Weng, Z., Guo, D., Wu, Y., Li, M., Hu, J., Zeng, W., Li, X., and Zeng, S. (2015). A 2.45ghz microstrip patch antenna evolved for WiFi application. In 2015 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), pages 1191–1195.
[25]
Wiki (2018). Microstrip antenna wiki.com.
[26]
Wong, K.-L. (2004). Design of Nonplanar Microstrip Antennas and Transmission Lines. John Wiley & Sons.
[27]
Wong, K.-L., Liu, Y.-H., and Huang, C.-Y. (1994). Generalized transmission-line model for cylindrical-rectangular microstrip antennas. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 7(16): 729–732.
[28]
www.radartutorial.eu (2018). Radar Basics Patch Antennas.
Browse journals by subject